Experts emphasize the importance of treating fruit trees early in March, even before the buds appear. This preventive measure helps eliminate pest eggs that are wintering in the bark of trees, safeguarding the future harvest.

The Importance of Early Treatment

Early treatment is crucial to combat diseases and pests that threaten fruit trees. Fruit rot and scab can cause significant crop losses if not addressed promptly. In fact, fruit rot alone can result in up to 70% of the harvest being lost.

Key Threats to Fruit Trees

  • Fruit Rot: Causes severe damage to fruit, leading to substantial crop loss.
  • Scab: A fungal disease that affects leaves and fruit, reducing yield and quality.

Effective Early Treatment

The first treatment targets infections and overwintering pests. Here’s how to do it effectively:

  1. Use Fungicides: These act both prophylactically and curatively, protecting against scab, fruit rot, and bacterial diseases.
  2. Eco-Insecticides: These enhance plant protection measures by effectively controlling pests without harming the environment.

Selecting the Right Preparations

For the first spraying, choose preparations with a high concentration of active substances to effectively destroy harmful microorganisms that survived the winter. The main types of preparations include:

  • Urea: High nitrogen content helps break down pest eggs and fungal spores.
  • Copper-based Fungicides: Effective against a broad range of fungal diseases.
  • Iron Sulfate: Helps control moss, lichens, and fungal diseases.

Conditions for Effective Spraying

  • Air Temperature: Should be at least +5°C.
  • Wind Speed: Should not exceed 5 m/s.

Steps for First Treatment

  1. Preparation: Ensure the sprayer is clean and functioning properly. Mix the selected preparation according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  2. Spraying: Thoroughly spray the tree, covering the bark, branches, and surrounding soil. Pay special attention to the trunk and lower branches where pests are likely to overwinter.
  3. Timing: Perform this treatment in early March before buds begin to swell.

By performing timely and accurate treatment, you can prevent serious problems and ensure a healthy, productive garden. Take action now to protect your fruit trees and secure a bountiful harvest.