Growing cabbage can be a rewarding experience, but sometimes the results can surprise even seasoned gardeners. Here’s how I planted cabbage and the unexpected results I encountered.

1. Choosing the Right Cabbage Variety

  • Early Varieties: Perfect for a quick harvest, maturing in about 70 days.
  • Late Varieties: Ideal for storage, maturing in about 120 days.
  • Savoy Varieties: Known for their crinkled leaves and mild flavor.

2. Starting Seeds Indoors

  • Timing: Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last expected frost.
  • Seed Trays: Use seed trays filled with a high-quality seed starting mix.
  • Planting Depth: Sow seeds about 1/4 inch deep.
  • Light and Water: Place trays in a sunny location and keep the soil consistently moist.

3. Preparing the Garden Bed

  • Location: Choose a sunny spot with at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily.
  • Soil: Ensure well-draining soil rich in organic matter. Cabbage prefers a pH between 6.5 and 6.8.
  • Amendments: Add compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility.

4. Transplanting Seedlings

  • Timing: Transplant seedlings outdoors when they have 3-4 true leaves and the danger of frost has passed.
  • Spacing: Space plants 18-24 inches apart in rows 24-36 inches apart for optimal growth.

5. Watering and Mulching

  • Consistent Moisture: Cabbage needs regular watering, about 1-1.5 inches per week.
  • Mulching: Apply a layer of mulch to retain soil moisture and suppress weeds.

6. Fertilizing

  • Initial Fertilization: Mix a balanced fertilizer into the soil at planting time.
  • Ongoing Feeding: Feed plants with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer every 3-4 weeks.

7. Pest and Disease Management

  • Common Pests: Watch for cabbage worms, aphids, and flea beetles. Use organic insecticides or row covers to protect plants.
  • Diseases: Prevent diseases by rotating crops, ensuring good air circulation, and avoiding overhead watering.

8. Unexpected Results

Despite following all the best practices, I encountered several unexpected results:

  • Rapid Growth: My cabbage grew faster than anticipated, reaching maturity two weeks ahead of schedule.
  • Pest Resilience: Surprisingly, my cabbage plants showed strong resistance to common pests, possibly due to the healthy soil amendments.
  • Larger Heads: The cabbage heads were significantly larger than expected, likely due to the consistent watering and nutrient-rich soil.

9. Harvesting and Storing

  • Timing: Harvest when heads are firm and reach the desired size. Cut the head at the base with a sharp knife.
  • Storing: Store cabbage in a cool, dry place. It can last several weeks in the refrigerator or longer in a root cellar.


Planting cabbage using these methods yielded unexpected and impressive results. The rapid growth, pest resilience, and larger-than-expected heads made the effort worthwhile. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced gardener, give these techniques a try and you might be pleasantly surprised by the outcome. Happy gardening!